MODAL VERBS : SUGGESTIONS, ADVICE (SHALL, SHOULD, OUGHT TO)
A. We can use shall + infinitive to offer help and to make suggestion :
– Offering help
A : I don’t think I’m going to be able to get through all these letters
B : Shall I give you a hand?
– Making suggestions
A : I need to have a word with you about the new project
B : OK. Shall we meet this afternoon at 1.30
Note : That we can only use Shall I …………….? And Shall we…….? In this way? we cannot say Shall he……..?, Shall you………….? Etc.
B. There are a number of other phrases we can use in informal English for making suggestion :
– Where shall we go for lunch?
– Let’s go to that new restaurant?
– How about going to that new restaurant?
– What about going to that new restaurant?
In more formal English we can use the verbs suggest and advise :
– I suggest that you read the contract carefully
– I advice that you read the contract carefully
C. We can should and ought to + infinitive, to give advice or to express obligation relating to the present or the future (see also must and have to)
– You should keep an accountant of all your expense (this refer to the present)
When you go to the conference next week, you ought to give Mr. Franks a ring (this refers to the future)
Sumber : Hand Out English Professional I Stie PGRI DEWANTARA JOMBANG by Ida Setyawati, S.Pd, M.Pd